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Tutorial on Name Analysis

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Insertion of Scopes into the Environment Hierarchy

We now demonstrate how scopes obtained from object properties are inserted into the environment hierarchy given by the syntactically nested ranges. For this purpose we extend our module example.

We introduce a with statement that allows the components of a module to be used without qualification in the WithBody. (This construct is similar to the with statement in Pascal, where record variables are used instead of the module identifiers discussed here. It directly corresponds to the use construct in Ada.)


Statement:      'with' WithClause 'do' WithBody.
WithClause:     ModUseIdent.
WithBody:       Statement.
This macro is attached to a product file.

The WithBody is a special kind of range: The scope rules for our with statement require that the scope of the module stated by the ModUseIdent is inserted in the environment hierarchy between the scope of the WithBody and the environment formed by the range nest that encloses the with statement. I.e. a definition in a range enclosing the with statement may be hidden by a definition of the module; those definitions may be hidden within the WithBody. (In the case of our language the WithBody may not directly contain declarations, although deeper nested Blocks may contain such declarations.)

We use another library module (see Inheritance of Scopes of Specification Module Library: Name Analysis) to support such an embedding of environments:


This macro is attached to a product file.

The facility of inserting an environment obtained from a scope property of an object is provided by the module role InhRange, which specializes RangeScope. The ModUseIdent establishes the inheritance using the module role InheritScope. The inserted outer scope is obtained from ModUseIdent.Key, the inner scope is specified by the attribute WithBody.Env. The computation of WithBody.GotInh is required to state that the inheritance is established.



RULE: Statement ::= 'with' WithClause 'do' WithBody COMPUTE
  WithClause.InnerScope = WithBody.Env;
  WithBody.GotInh = WithClause.InheritOk;

SYMBOL WithClause INHERITS InheritScope, ChkInherit END;

RULE: WithClause ::= ModUseIdent COMPUTE
  WithClause.ScopeKey = ModUseIdent.Key;
This macro is attached to a product file.

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